Along with positive ideas come those scammers who are out to make a buck. Even though trading in carbon credits is still in its infancy, there are those who are already taking advantage of what may be a very beneficial environmental program. To first understand how to avoid being taken advantage of, it is important to understand exactly what carbon credits are.
Carbon credits are part of national and international attempts to stop the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. One carbon credit is equal to one ton of carbon. Many individuals are now taking an interest in their carbon footprints, trying to lower their usage, as well as trying different ways to offset their usage. Carbon credits are part of an approach to emissions trading. With a certain amount of greenhouse gas allotted to markets, each individual group is given the opportunity to decide how much of a limited amount can be designated to each area. This allows for industries to control the amount of greenhouse gases they are using. This also allows industrial and commercial processes to market in the direction of lower emissions, or utilize approaches that are designed to not emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This helps to finance carbon reduction schemes.
Many companies sell carbon credits. These carbon credits are sold to companies who voluntarily desire to lower their carbon footprint. Carbon credits are purchased from investment funds or carbon development companies. Many of these companies have saved these credits from other individual products and offset themselves and the buyers by selling them. The quality of the credits is based on the validation process, the type of fund, and the development company. The price is also affected by these things. Voluntary units typically have less value than the units sold through the rigorously-validated Clean Development Mechanism.
There are two distinct types of Carbon Credits: Carbon Offset Credits (COCs) and Carbon Reduction Credits (CRCs). Carbon Offset Credits consist of clean forms of energy production, wind, solar, hydro and biofuels. Carbon Reduction Credits consists of the collection and storage of Carbon from the earth’s atmosphere through reforestation, forestation, ocean and soil collection and storage efforts. Both ways are valid and positively recognized, each used in different situations.
Whether or not you decide that the use of carbon credits are for you, it is important to know how to avoid being scammed.
• First and foremost, do your research on the company you are thinking of buying credit from. It is necessary to see if the industrial companies are actually implementing reductions in carbon use and greenhouse emissions or if they are really doing very little.
• They need to have verification. A shortage of verification makes it difficult for buyers to assess the true value of carbon credits. Reliable third party verification is critical.
• Be careful of companies or individuals that are over-pricing their carbon credits. Why are their credits more expensive? What is their value? Have their prices increased or decreased due to changes in their emissions reductions?
Do the research before purchasing carbon credits. It is important to find if the organization has any history of selling worthless credits which do not yield reductions. There is no point in purchasing carbon credits if they do not benefit you or the environment.
Polluted air can cause some health problems related to respiratory system such as asthma. Yet, do you know that polluted air can cause heart disease? There have been a lot of studies about the effect of contaminated air to the health. Those studies indicated that the level of toxic component was varied within the same city.
Some other studies also showed that short term exposure to the contaminated air could lead to a higher risk of death because of cardiovascular and pulmonary event. Then how could air pollution cause heart disease?
The even spread of air pollution can lead us to have long exposure to polluted air. It can bring us to a greater risk of it. High level of contaminated air can cause some illness such as allergies, fatigue, and difficult breathing. It will be more threatening for those who have heart disease. This can make that condition become worse as the serious consequences of air pollution.
It has been shown that long exposure to high level of contaminated air has a straight correlation with the ailment of cardiovascular. It can directly cause an increase of cardiovascular heart disease. The worse thing is that it can cause death.
Most of the pollutants which are found in polluted air are tobacco smoke, carbon monoxide, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), and nitrogen dioxide in which all of those pollutants are harmful for the health of the human being. Considering the serious problems caused by this contaminated air, minimizing the risk of the risk of contaminated air is not compromising. You have to do serious and real thing for it.
One of the best ways to minimize the risk of polluted air for health is by keeping the air in your home clean and healthy. You can install air cleaning device which can eliminate all the airborne pollutants in your home. It can help you reduce the exposure to the polluted air. It will be very beneficial for improving your health.
You have heard the term biofuel but aren’t sure what it means. Biofuel is any fuel that is derived from biomass-recently living organisms or their metabolic by-products, such as manure from cows. It is considered ‘green’ because it comes from a renewable energy source, unlike other natural resources such as petroleum, coal and nuclear fuels.
Agricultural products specifically grown for use as biofuels include corn and soybeans (primarily in the United States) as well as flaxseed and rapeseed (primarily in Europe).
Waste from industry, agriculture, forestry and households can also be used to produce bioenergy and include straw, lumber, manure, sewage, garbage and food leftovers.
The production of biofuels to replace oil and natural gas is in active development, focusing on the use of cheap organic matter (usually cellulose, agricultural and sewage waste) in the efficient production of liquid and gas biofuels that yield high net energy gain.
There are various current issues with biofuel production and use, which are presently being discussed in the popular media and scientific journals. These include: the “food vs fuel” debate, carbon emissions levels, sustainable biofuel production, deforestation and soil erosion, impact on water resources, human rights issues, poverty reduction potential, biofuel prices, energy balance and efficiency, and centralised versus decentralised production models.
What material can be used to make biofuels? Conventional ethanol is made from sugar cane, corn, and sweet sorghum. Soybean and rapeseed oil are often used to make biodiesel, but coconut, palm, canola and jatropha nut oil are also being used throughout the world.
Trees, grass, agricultural residue, and municipal solid waste can also be converted into biofuels. Cellulose makes up the majority of a plant’s structure and can be broken down into sugars, which can then be fermented and made into ethanol. Recent research is making this process less expensive and more energy efficient.
As the world’s top producer, Brazil uses sugar cane to make ethanol. Many other developing countries, such as those of southern Africa, produce large amounts of sugar and also have potential to become ethanol producers. The Midwestern United States relies on corn to produce nearly one-quarter of the globe’s ethanol, and China is quickly emerging as the third largest ethanol supplier.
Other countries with limited fossil fuel resources are examining the prospect of producing domestic fuel supplies. Thailand has an aggressive policy to make use of tapioca and sugar cane for ethanol production. In response to the recent passage of the EU Biofuels Directive, member countries are ramping up biodiesel production. The Philippines recently mandated incorporation of coconut oil biodiesel into diesel fuel, the first time coconut oil has been used as a motor fuel.
Cars, trucks, and farm machinery can all run on low-volume biofuel blends without any alteration. Current car warranties cover operation with ethanol-blended gas of up to ten percent. Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFVs) operate on any combination of ethanol and gasoline. FFVs are being sold in the U.S., Brazil, and China. As ethanol has a higher octane, it is used as a gasoline additive to improve vehicle performance. In fact, many international racing teams use ethanol because of its high performance qualities. Biodiesel blends of 20% show similar operation in conventional diesel engines as regular diesel fuel.
Are biofuels the answer for today’s energy crisis? It may be too soon to tell but it certainly has been an alternative source in the meantime.
Air Pollution Control Market for Coal – Fired Power Plants to 2020 – Increasing Plant Capacity to Present Growth Opportunities
The report gives an in-depth analysis of the global Air Pollution Control Equipment (APCE) market for coal-fired power plants, covering four major regions – North America (USA and Canada), Europe, Asia–Pacific and the Rest of the World (South and Central America, the Middle East and Africa). The research analyzes the regulatory framework in the three most significant regions – North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, and the impact of regulations on the air pollution control market for coal-fired power plants. ( http://www.bharatbook.com/detail.asp?id=153458&rt=Air-Pollution-Control-Market-for-Coal-Fired-Power-Plants-to-2020-Increasing-Plant-Capacity-to-Present-Growth-Opportunities.html )
The report covers market revenue forecasts for the air pollution control market for all the regions mentioned, and it also provides a detailed forecast of the market’s revenues by product type – Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD), Nitrous Oxides (NOx), Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP) and Fabric Filters up to 2020. The report also includes geographic and cost analysis data for each product type.
Market Penetration of Mercury Control Technology Driven by MACT and Set to Expand Air Pollution Control Market
The Mercury Emission Control (MEC) business is currently being driven by the rules and regulations of 19 states in USA and several Canadian provinces. The MEC market is set to expand with new and more comprehensive Federal rules. Since the US Clean Air Act requires that all Maximum Achievable Control Technology MACT regulations drafted by the EPA for coal-fired boilers, covering 189 Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAP) including mercury (which is expected to be finalized by 2011), be met within 36 months, this is expected to create a sharp increase in market demand resulting in an expansion of the market starting late next year as utilities accelerate their efforts to become compliant by 2014.
Air Pollution Mitigation through Pollution Prevention Technologies Poses Threat to the Market
The high capital and operational costs of the APC technologies hinder their adoption. This in turn increases companies’ focus towards less expensive, mitigation-at-source technologies. Additionally, air pollution prevention technologies in this regard have the added advantage of high environmental performance.
For more information kindly visit : http://www.bharatbook.com/detail.asp?id=153458&rt=Air-Pollution-Control-Market-for-Coal-Fired-Power-Plants-to-2020-Increasing-Plant-Capacity-to-Present-Growth-Opportunities.html
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Environmental Protection and Pollution Treatment Equipment Manufacturing in China
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You can achieve effective carbon management when you use carbon software to do the job. Carbon software will allow you to actually keep track of your carbon emissions and regulate them, through the use of the carbon software, so that you have effective carbon management. This is necessary for companies that need to comply with federal, state and local laws and regulations.
There is an increasing amount of outcry coming from consumer and advocate groups when it comes to carbon management from companies. Larger companies know that they have to be compliant when it comes to their carbon management and take steps towards doing this, often using carbon software that will generate reports as well as signal when the company is using too much energy in one or more particular area. This type of carbon management also measures the amount of emissions that are generated by the use of energy. Everyone knows that energy use of all kinds emits carbon footprints. In order to generate less carbon footprints that are harmful to the environment as well as quell the carbon emissions, it is necessary for companies to practice good carbon management.
Even smaller companies can benefit from the use of carbon software. Carbon software can be used for a variety of different companies to help them measure the emissions that they are generating. These can come from any type of energy source, including computer servers. As the laws are becoming more strict when it comes to carbon management, an increasing number of companies are seeking ways to reduce their emissions. They can do this when they use effective carbon software that will give them accurate reports on emissions as well as be able to generate reports so that they can make sure that they stay in compliance. Any company that is interested in carbon management can use carbon software for this purpose.
The carbon software is easy to use and will pretty much run itself once you install it. It will be able to tell you the amount of carbon emissions you are generating as well as give you insight as to how you can reduce these emissions in certain sectors of your company. This can make a great deal of difference not only to your company, but to the environment as well. If your company has pledged to go green, then you need to use carbon software in order to help you attain that goal.
In order to avoid being out of compliance with legislation as well as to better the environment, a company today needs to practice carbon management. Using a reliable and easy to use carbon software is the best way to approach this problem and solve any excessive emissions that are being generated from your company. If you are looking for carbon software, you can find various types that will help your company stay compliant with all laws as well as become greener and cleaner. Your company can practice carbon management easily and effectively when using a reliable and up to date carbon software product.
According to our research report “Global Biofuel Market Analysis”, the biofuel industry has substantially grown across the world on the back of strong demand (both ethanol and biodiesel) for road transport. We have also found that governments of both the developing and developed nations are supporting biofuel developments for the diversification of energy sources and the improvement of environment. Thus, the global ethanol and biodiesel production is expected to grow at a CAGR around 5% and 4% respectively between 2010 and 2019.
The report has examined the biofuel industry at the regional level. The Americas (US, Canada and Brazil) dominate the global ethanol market and accounts for around 90% of the world total ethanol production. However, the EU has a strong foothold on the biodiesel market and accounts for over two-third of the total biodiesel production in the world.
Our report gives a deep insight into the trends prevailing in different regions of the world. Apart from the Americas and EU, we have also covered the Asia-Pacific biofuel market. India and China are the emerging biofuel markets both in terms of production and consumption.
“Global Biofuel Market Analysis” provides an extensive research and rational analysis of the global biofuel market. The report contains thoroughly analyzes current market trends in both developed and emerging economies in context of statistical data. The report also covers the government initiatives which help to increase demand for biofuel.
We have also provided the industry forecast based on correlation of past drivers, challenges and opportunities for expansion. The report includes forecast analysis of ethanol production and consumption as well as biodiesel production and consumption. We have studied the cost involved in biofuel production for major biofuel producers worldwide.
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Are you tired of this Earth? Is your heart heavy with regret and fear that this world may be destroyed without a fight then what are you doing? Stop air polluting! If you say that you are only a mere normal person and there is nothing much that you can do then you are mistaken. The effort to make this world a clean and better place to live in must come from you.
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Yes, we humans are the major contributors to air pollution. There is nothing else that we can do but to do our part in battling air pollution. Let us start with ourselves. Here are some things that we can do.
1) Plant more trees and plants. In this way you are trying to do your part in clearing the air. 2) Stop smoking. Yes, it is not only for your health but for the environment. 3) Try to commute rather than riding in your own car, if you can walk your way to your destination then well and good. 4) Do thing manually. Try to lessen the use of your electronics and appliances. Less energy consumed the better. 5) Don’t use chemicals, sprays, pesticides and other harmful liquids.
6) try to eat foods which are produced locally, you can save much energy. 7) Put off the light when they are not in use. Make sure that electricity is not wasted. 8) Practice the 3R’s, reduce, reuse and recycle. 9) Use alternative energy like wind and solar. 10) If you can afford buying a hybrid car the better.
Stop air polluting with these ways mentioned. Do it now and do your part for the environment. Make this world a better place to live in. Air pollution must be stop now, not tomorrow or the weeks to come.
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Biofuels have become talk of the town these days. These are obtained from biomass and utilize many renewable energy sources. These fuels also use plant matter as the raw material. Solid biomass is known to be the most common types of bio-fuels. The consistent rise in the price of fossil fuel has affected the world economy. The introduction of biofuels has come as a rescue to this problem. In fact, these have acted as a complete replacement for most of our energy requirements. However, prior to completely trusting this renewable energy source, it is important to know about the pros and cons of using biofuels. Stated below are some of the significant biofuels pros and cons.
Biofuels Pros and Cons:
The most obvious pros of using biofuel is the independence it allows from oil that can be bought from outside the United States. The best part is that the emissions coming from direct usage in automobiles is far lesser as compared to those from conventional fuels such as gasoline.
Biofuels are extracted from the plant oils or animals. This facilitates recycling. This in turn, turns the trash into something resourceful.
Biofuels are cost-effective. In fact, these are considered to be the only fuel available at affordable price.
The best thing about biofuel is that they are safer and can be easily transported from one place to another sans posing any potential risk on the health of consumers.
When using biofuel, there is no peculiar gasoline stench. It is also sulfur-free. Additionally, it aids in eliminating acid rain.
Bio fuel can be used by all vehicle engine types.
Cons of using biofuels:
The traditional petroleum products produce more energy than biofuel. This may result in power loss in engines.
It is true that biofuel can function with most engines but there are just a few specifically designed for this type of fuel.