Posts Tagged ‘Carbon’
Along with harming human health, air pollution can cause a variety of environmental effects. What, then, are the different air pollution effects on environment?
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First, acid rain is a form of precipitation that is formed primarily by nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. These acids fall to the earth either as wet precipitation (rain, snow, or fog) or dry precipitation (gas and particulates). In the environment, acid rain damages trees and causes soils and water bodies to acidify. Therefore, it contaminates drinking water and vegetation, and makes the water unsuitable for some fish and other wildlife. Acid rain damages aquatic life. In fact, it has damages Massachussets lakes, ponds, rivers, and soils, leading to damaged wildlife and forests. It also erodes buildings, and speeds the decay of statues and sculptures that are part of our national heritage.
Another effect is ozone depletion. Ozone is a gas that occurs both at ground-level and in the earth’s upper atmosphere, known as the stratosphere. Ozone forms a layer that protects life on earth from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays. However, man-made chemicals like chlorofluorocarbons and halons deplete the ozone layer, causing increased amounts of UV radiation to reach the earth. A recently discovered result of air pollution are seasonal holes in the ozone layer in the atmosphere above Antarctica and the Arctic, coupled with growing evidence of global ozone depletion. This depletion can damage sensitive crops, such as soybeans, and reduce crop yields. It can also lead to more cases of skin cancer, cataracts, and impaired immune systems.
Finally, air pollution causes global climate change. By burning fossil fuels, we are producing what is known as the greenhouse effect. The earth’s atmosphere appears to be trapping more of the sun’s heat, causing the earth’s average temperature to rise in what we call global warming.
These are three examples of air pollution effects on environment.
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Carbon monoxide detector alarm technology has in recent years improved dramatically. There are a number of carbon monoxide detector and carbon monoxide alarm manufacturers now providing quality products, covering a good range of customer requirements from the DIY enthusiast to the specialist installer. We at Carbon Monoxide Alarms Ltd aim to provide the whole range of services including: advice, sales, installation, testing and most importantly to raise awareness about carbon monoxide. ‘The silent killer’. We will drop the pebble in the pond by offering a presentation to local resident’s associations, charitable and voluntary groups.
In fact any gathering that wants to listen. Carbon Monoxide Alarms Ltd will assist in fund raising to provide and fit carbon monoxide detector alarms. Our current products include the Honeywell carbon monoxide detector and Aico Carbon Monoxide Alarm
About Carbon Monoxide Gas
Carbon Monoxide is a colourless, odourless, tasteless, toxic gas that has the molecular formula CO. The molecule consists of a carbon atom that is triply bonded to an oxygen atom. Carbon Monoxide is produced by the incomplete combustion of the fossil fuels – gas, oil, coal and wood used in boilers, engines, oil burners, gas fires, water heaters, solid fuel appliances and open fires. Carbon Monoxide is a commercially important chemical. It is also formed in many chemical reactions and in the thermal or incomplete decomposition of many organic materials.
Dangerous amounts of CO can accumulate when, as a result of poor installation, poor maintenance or failure or damage to an appliance in service, the fuel is not burned properly, or when rooms are poorly ventilated and the Carbon Monoxide is unable to escape. Having no smell, taste or colour, in today’s world of improved insulation and double glazing, it has become increasingly important to have good ventilation, maintain all appliances regularly and to have absolutely reliable Detector alarms installed giving both a visual and audible warning immediately there is a build-up of CO to dangerous levels.
NO SMELL and NO TASTE and NO COLOUR
And, it is for these reasons that CO Alarms are the only way to alert you to increasingly dangerous levels of CO before tragedy strikes. Carbon Monoxide Symptoms Carbon monoxide poisoning symptoms can be very non specific, often mistaken for colds flu and food poisoning. Common Carbon monoxide poisoning symptoms:
Loss of consciousness
Some symptoms can occur weeks or months after long term low level exposure:
Lack of co-ordination
Don’t wait for the symptoms get a carbon monoxide alarm fitted
Carbon monoxide detector alarm technology has in recent years improved dramatically.
There are a number of carbon monoxide detector and carbon monoxide alarm manufacturers now providing quality products, covering a good range of customer requirements from the DIY enthusiast to the specialist installer.
These days, it is almost impossible to do a Google search for any subject relating to MLM without finding a website that is either directly, or indirectly promoting Carbon Copy Pro. One of the centerpieces of the Carbon Copy Pro marketing system is the famous ‘Coffee House Letter’ written by Jay Kubassek. I wanted to take some time to answer some questions caused by the Coffee House Letter because so many people have asked me about it over the years.
The essential theme of the Coffee House Letter is that because of the advent and progression of the internet, MLM is becoming obsolete as a business model. (We’ll get more into that later).
Before we start, I need to take a minute to help you understand exactly what Carbon Copy Pro is, and how the surrounding business model works.
Essentially, Carbon Copy Pro is an attraction marketing system built around a direct selling company called ‘Wealth Masters International.’ In 2007, Jay Kubassek developed a marketing system that would allow people in Wealth Masters to recruit team members using modern online marketing systems. The result has been nothing short of incredible – and today CCP (Carbon Copy Pro) is worth million dollars and has customers in more than 160 countries.
Carbon Copy Pro Vs. MLM, Continued…
When you visit a Carbon Copy Pro website, you’ll have an opportunity to opt in to a newsletter, and then you’ll be taken through a sales page where you can read the Coffee House Letter for yourself. When you’re done reading the site, you have an option of buying a DVD interview with Mike Dillard and Jay Kubassek, and you can opt in to be interviewed to see if you ‘Qualify’ to be involved with the Carbon Copy Pro System. The cost of the interview and DVD is , and the purpose is to ‘pre-qualify’ prospects to see if they’re serious.
If you decide to join Carbon Copy Pro, these are the expenses you can expect to incur (Please note that this does not include ongoing marketing expenses, such as Pay Per Click advertising, etc):
- fee to join (This is in addition to the interview fee)
- Monthly Fee: fee for the website, back office features, and other support services. There is an additional monthly fee of 9.
- It is also recommended to have 0 or more each for advertisements. (If you do not do advertisement then how can you get people to join? Carbon Copy Pro does not promote your site for you. You must promote it yourself.)
- Yearly Fee: 9 Consulting Fee. This fee is optional. You can join as a “Free Member without paying the 9 fee.
Remember how I said that Carbon Copy Pro is an Attraction Marketing System for Wealth Masters International? When you join, you also will sign up with one of the following 3 WMI packages:
* M1 – Masters Program: ,995
* M2 – Wealth Conference: ,495 or ,995 for a combination of both M1 and M2 package
* M3 – Lifestyle Experience: ,995
So to break it down, the total initial cost to become involved in Carbon Copy Pro is the following:
(start up fee)
(website and other fees)
9 (monthly fee)
9 (yearly if you choose to have the consulting fee)
95 (the M1 package fee)
For a total of 81, and possibly exceeding ,000 (If you get involved in M1-M3 all at once)
Now, while that start up cost may be alarming to someone who’s not familiar with traditional business, for the potential income that you can earn as a Carbon Copy Pro team member makes the investment well worth while. However, just because you can earn money with CCP, does that mean that it is better than MLM? While I don’t have the time to refute all of the claims made by The Coffee House Letter and other Carbon Copy Pro Reps, there’s a few main ones that I’d like to address.
Before we continue, however, understand that I’m not opposed to Carbon Copy Pro – in fact I work hand in hand with several of CCP’s top producers to help create online marketing systems and training. I think it’s a great opportunity for the right person. However, there are some things that people in Carbon Copy Pro say that are pure bull-shit that can distract a distributor from making money from their business.
Now don’t get me wrong, MLM has it’s issues too – but when I’m presented with the opportunity to participate in MLM or Carbon Copy Pro – I’ll choose MLM any day of the week. The reason CCP reps say the things they do is because they are EXCELLENT marketers who are trained, and they know how to prick your emotions. Here are a few questions people have about MLM after they read one of Jay Kubassek’s well written letters:
Is MLM Dead?
To put it bluntly, I don’t know where someone came up with that idea. Since the inception of the MLM profession, there have been good companies and bad companies – good marketing systems and poorly designed ones. In fact, according to the Direct Selling Association, MLM as a profession is growing faster than it ever has in any point in history. Since the advent of the internet, MLM has grown faster, not slower, and it doesn’t look to be slowing down any time soon. In fact, 100% of all of my success has been earned AFTER the internet boom, not before, and the same is true for hundreds of thousands of Network Marketers all over the world.
In fact, the fastest growing, most profitable MLM companies of all time have all been created in the last 5 years. Even Amway is growing right now, and they’re a 57 year old company. In fact, over the last year their growth has taken off again like it did 15 years ago. (No, I’m not an Amway Rep.) It is true that someone can go online and when they search for your company, they are plagued with advertisements from your competitors. However, that is an enhancement to our industry, not a problem, and it ensures that the best marketers will always win – regardless of whether they’re in Amway, Carbon Copy Pro, or anything else for that matter. Your goal is to learn how to be the best marketer that you can.
What About Attrition?
Will you have people quit your organization? Sure. But the same thing will happen in Carbon Copy Pro, or any other direct sales business that you ever build. People quit things all the time. Some of the most promising people you’ll sponsor will quit. However, that’s no more true than it was in 1970. However, that’s not going to stop you if you become a leader, and it won’t hurt your checks if your in an excellent company (which you should be).
Top Tier programs work the same. Jay Kubassek quit Liberty League International to join Wealth Masters International. People quit Carbon Copy Pro to join MLM companies. The fact is, that people quit things and join new things. For some reason, though, I’ve still been making a six figure income through people quitting, and so have a LOT of my friends. Interesting…
The reason people quit isn’t because the opportunity doesn’t work – it’s because they aren’t making any money because what they’re doing is stupid. Now don’t get me wrong – they’re not stupid – they’ve just been fed a bag of outdated 1970 potato chips and quite frankly, it makes them frustrated.
But Don’t 97% of the People in MLM Fail?
Sure. But 97% of the people in Carbon Copy Pro fail, too. Also, it depends on the statistic that you look at. 97% of the people who stick in ONE MLM COMPANY for 10 years or more are earning a six figure income according to Dr. Charles King, who has more than 15 years of dedicated research on the subject.
Failure is a result of inconsistent behavior and ineffective marketing, nothing more. If you are engaging in effective marketing, and stay consistent, you’ll eventually earn the money you’re looking for.
Want to know the funny thing? 97% of people who are licensed insurance agents make less than 0 per month. The same goes with Real Estate and ANY OTHER direct selling profession. Let’s stop with the Bull-Shit already and stop trying to pretend that MLM is any different.
Unfortunately, we all usually go through a period of failing in life before we reach our success breakthrough. Are you going to let the failure of someone who QUITS EVERYTHING stop you from mastering a profession that can make you more in a month than a doctor makes in a year? MLM is a great profession, and I enjoy it more than anything else I’ve ever done, and I’m proud to be involved in it.
Are ‘Top Tier’ Programs Like CCP Better Than MLM?
That depends on your goal. Both industries have their unique selling propositions, and what kind of lifestyle you want should determine what opportunity you choose. The one advantage of Carbon Copy Pro and other Top Tier programs is that you can make more money initially with less effort and sales. However, let me briefly cover the reasons why I personally prefer MLM:
Reason #1: The Start Up Cost
Quite frankly, the thing that I love about Network Marketing is that the low start up cost levels the playing field for the average person. Someone can get involved in MLM today usually for 0 or less. To be honest, I even prefer less. My first successful organization was built with a ,000 buy in package, and honestly, I prefer that new people come in today at a lower price and invest more time and money in marketing than they do the companies products. This ensures that people get started right and they stay active and involved.
Reason #2: The Residual Income Factor
If you are investing the kind of time, energy, and money that you need to be successful in Carbon Copy Pro, it has been my personal
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Carbon footprints are on the minds of everyone today and using carbon account software is one way that those who are interested in carbon management can account for their carbon emissions. Most of the larger companies are under legislation with regards to the amount of carbon emissions that they put out into the atmosphere. These can come from the type of product that they are producing, the way that they are producing the product as well as their type of labor and machinery. Employing carbon management can allow a business to keep track of their energy expenditures including carbon emissions that can even come from computer servers.
In order to be compliant with federal, state and local guidelines, a company can use carbon accounting software that will compile reports on how much carbon is being emitted as well as how they can reduce the amount of carbon through carbon management. Carbon management is not difficult when you are using carbon accounting software which will tell you what you need to do in order to reduce the amount of emissions from your company. The carbon accounting software will be able to point out the areas where you are using the most energy so that you can conserve.
It is important for all companies today to realize the impact that they have on the environment. Carbon footprints are found through all sorts of energy, even through computer servers. This is one of the reasons why using carbon accounting software is so important. Not only will this type of carbon management allow a company to see where they are over using energy, but it will help them to make reductions that are necessary to meet legislation. There is an increasing pressure in congress as well as at the consumer level for companies to practice carbon management as people are becoming more concerned with keeping the environment healthy. Using carbon accounting software is one way that the environment can be kept healthier and companies can stay within the realm of legislation.
As legislation is always changing when it comes to carbon management, it is also important that the carbon accounting software not only keep the company in compliance, but be allowed to change for stricter codes of legislation. Using carbon accounting software that can be adjusted to meet the new legislation that is often required for companies can save the company money and make sure that they retain compliance. A company that is not in compliance when it comes to carbon management may face fines as well as penalties if they fail an emissions test.
In order to avoid fines and penalties from legislation that is becoming more stringent when it comes to carbon management, a company today can be prepared with carbon accounting software. This will measure how much energy a company is putting out as well as the carbon footprints that they are leaving behind that are detrimental to the earth. This software is easy to run and can end up not only making the earth greener, but will also help a company avoid any loss through penalties and fines because their emissions are not in compliance with legislation.
Carbon fiber is a material with is made of extremely thin fibers of about diameter 0.005 to 0.010mm and composed of mostly carbon atoms. Atoms of carbon are bonded together in macroscopic crystals that are more or less aligned parallel to the long axis of the fiber. The alignments of the crystal make the fiber very strong for its size. A many thousand fibers are twisted together and form yarn. Carbon fiber has many different weave patterns and can be combined with a plastic resin and wound or molded to form composite materials such as carbon fiber reinforced plastic to provide a high strength-to-weight ratio material. The density of carbon fiber is also considerably lower than the density of steel, making it ideal for applications requiring low weight, The properties of carbon fiber such as high tensile strength, low weight, and low thermal expansion make it very popular in aerospace, civil engineering, military, and motorsports, along with other competition sports. However, these features make it relatively expensive when compared to similar materials such as fiberglass or plastic. Carbon fiber is very strong when stretched or bent, but weak when compressed or exposed to high shock. As with the properties of the carbon fiber it is very widely used in the automobile industry. Now a day automobile industry is providing there interiors with carbon fiber which is know as carbon fiber interiors.
Carbon fiber interiors are much light weight then the other materials used for the interior like wood and other steel type materials. Carbon fiber provides a better look and they are very long lasting also. Carbon fiber interiors are becoming very popular now a day but the cost is very high so everyone can not afford these carbon fiber interior. They are used in the high value prestigious cars. As carbon fiber interiors are very costly economy vehicles can not afford them.
Carbon fiber dash kit: carbon fiber dash kit is a carbon fiber interior upgrade which is very attractive and easy to install. You should be carful at the time you are purchasing the carbon fiber dash kit for your car upgrade. You should check that the material of the carbon fiber is original or not. Many carbon fiber interior parts maker fool there customers by giving them a less quality carbon fiber interiors. Carbon fiber dash kit is very easy to install. You just need to paste it on the place of the last dash kit from its sticky side. You can easily upgrade your car with a carbon fiber dash kit. It will provide you a very attractive and royal look.
Automobile manufacturers like Audi, BMW, Mercedes, Ferrari and other manufacturers who use to manufacture very high cost and reputation cars use these carbon fiber interiors in a wide manner. Lots of carbon fiber interiors upgrades are available in the market with different color and design. You can easily find these carbon fiber interior in the market and ask the mechanic to install them.
Now a day as the wooden parts and other metal parts are becoming out dated for the interiors of the car these carbon fiber interior parts are getting very popular, as they are very light weight and strong. They are much better in look and provide a better interior then the wood and also lasts very long then the wooden parts.
Steering wheels, dash kit, rear view mirror base, cargo and trunk liners and many other parts are made of the carbon fiber. If you are not short with the money and want to provide a good look you should must upgrade you vehicle with the carbon fiber interiors.
The article is available at http://probebusiness.blogspot.com/2009/12/india-on-reducing-carbon-emissions.html
In the run up for Copenhagen Climate Conference to be scheduled from 7-Dec-09, India has become the center stage for the key negotiations between developed and developing nations for its stance on reducing Carbon emissions. India has expressed concerns over sacrificing its ‘development and objectives of eradicating poverty’ at the expense of ‘costs for reducing greenhouse emissions’. The main obstacle India sees is its spending costs on reducing Carbon emissions that would have a significant negative impact on it’s objectives of development and poverty eradication.
In this article I have tried to analyze the concerns of India by evaluating the costs of reducing Carbon emissions and the costs of not reducing Carbon emissions, and base my conclusions on the differential costs between the two. To reiterate I am considering the following costs:
1. Costs incurred for Not reducing Carbon emissions – CN
2. Costs incurred for Reducing Carbon emissions till 350 ppm – CR
Comparing the above two costs If CN > CR Then reducing Carbon emissions would have a negative impact on India’s Objectives of development and eradicating poverty
Else If CN < CR Then reducing Carbon emissions will have a positive impact on India’s objectives and India should aim at reducing Carbon emissions.
1.Costs incurred for not reducing Carbon emissions – CN
According to a study released by the group Economics of Climate Adaptation – ECA [Swiss Re, Mckinsey & Company, ClimateWorks, the European Commission, Rockefeller Foundation and Standard Chartered Bank make up the ECA working group] under climate change scenarios, the climate related disasters can result in 9-13 percent of loss of India’s GDP by 2010 and 19% loss of India’s GDP by 2030. Accordingly the Costs for not reducing Carbon emissions till 2030 i.e, CN is 19%. However there is a potential for this loss to be increased as the long term effects of climate related disasters are serious on the economy.
To examine how much loss a natural disaster may cause, let’s take a case study of the floods that recently hit North Karnataka in October 2009, and examine the losses incurred as a result of the disaster. This would give us an idea of the approximate losses that would incur if a natural disaster of similar severity happens due to the climate changes resulting from not reducing Carbon emissions, which could have been avoided otherwise.
Following are some of the significant losses caused by the floods: >> 194 people died
>> 10 million homeless. This means that the Govt had created 10 million poverty people at an instant by letting the disaster happen.
>> Losses totaled to 18,000 crore, according to the State government estimates
>> State govt sought 9,000 crore flood relief from the Central govt.
>> State demanded for the release of 1.5 lakh metric tonne food grains under BPL rates for the affected people
>> 25 lakh hectares of crop area affected. This amount of land would not be productive for a few months which is a Loss. The investments in terms of labor, resources, subsidy provided by the govt on fertilizers from citizen’s taxes are totally wasted, A very big loss again.
>> Supply chain disruption. Industries, Businesses, Prices, Markets in other areas which were reliant on the flood hit area are affected. The standstill region wouldn’t be able to supply any goods or services which it was supposed to, to other businesses.
>> Inflation figures during this period.
Vegetable prices up 50%, potatoes up 81%, sugar up 44% and rice up 19%. Food prices were more broadly up by 16% compared to the previous year. Although floods weren’t the only reason, they were significant in contributing for rising Inflation.This is a serious impact. Higher inflation would reduce the buying power of people and would create more poverty
>> The state’s machinery and resources are dedicated for flood relief works which would have otherwise been dedicated for other Productive works
>> Chances of spreading of epidemics are very high. More spending on health.
>> Affects both the physical and mental health of the people in the flood affected region. The implications of this are very serious.
>> Job losses
>> The list runs
All the above effects which would be caused because of ignoring the climate change disasters have eventually resulted in hampering development and creating more poverty which would have been avoided otherwise.
2. Costs incurred with spending on Reducing Carbon emissions – CR
There will be some significant costs associated with spending (or rather investing) on reducing Carbon emissions. The following are the areas where the government has to chiefly spend if it makes a commitment for Carbon emission reduction.
1. Spending on newer energy resources
India should start spending (investing) in newer energy resources which are more energy efficient so as to reduce it’s over dependence on burning of fossil fuels like coal which is less energy efficient and results in more Carbon emission.
2. Spending on building more energy efficient products
This would apply to a wide range of products from almost every sector.India needs to build Energy efficient engines, Energy efficient commercial and residential buildings, Energy efficient transportation of all forms, Machines and Technologies that enable energy efficiency.
3. There would be costs incurred due to reduced economic development taking into consideration the reduced economic development taking into consideration the factors such as unemployment, Industries spending on equipments, technologies for reducing Carbon emissions, policies, administrative and legislative costs and more
So what would be the likely total cost for accomplishing all the above stated spending at reducing Carbon emission?
Unfortunately as of now [5-Dec-09] I have not been able to find any data released by Indian govt about the costs estimates for reducing its Carbon emissions. I urge the Govt of India to release its estimates for costs associated with reducing Carbon emission at a particular target.Had this been released our work would have been easier. But that shouldn’t stop us from continuing further as the cost estimates on reducing Carbon emissions are available from many other sources. Various academic and research groups like Economics for Equity and Environment network (E3), groups from European universities have tried to estimate the costs for attaining emission reduction till 350ppm. One group starts from the (realistic) assumption of high unemployment, and finds that long-run employment and economic growth would be increased by a program of public investment in green technology and emissions reduction that leads to 350 ppm. The other three groups adopt the common assumption that short-run unemployment can be ignored in long-run models. They generally find that the needed emissions reductions will cost an average of 1 to 3 percent of world economic output, for some years to come. Studies from other groups such as Greenpeace, Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) have arrived at more optimistic estimates where the savings from fuels would be more compared to the spending. They assume high oil prices at 140$ per barrel (Greenpeace). Now considering Mckinsey’s estimates (Non conservative and pessimistic compared to the estimates of Greenpeace and UCS), it would cost 2.3% of India’s GDP to halve the Carbon emission growth by 2030. Hence the Costs for Reducing the Carbon Emission – CR would be 2.3% of India’s GDP.
Comparison of the Costs between reducing and not reducing Carbon emissions
As already reasoned before, the value of CN is 19% of GDP and the value of CR is 2.3% GDP. The Difference Costs of CN and CR = 19 – 2.3 = 16.7 % of GDP
India would actually save 16.7 % of GDP subjected to the reasons presented above if it aims at reducing Carbon emissions. These savings can eventually be used for economic development and reducing poverty. The earlier reasons from Indian govt that reducing Carbon emissions would reduce economic development and increase poverty would hence needs to be strongly suspected.
According to the 2006 military data released by Central Intelligence Agency [CIA, US], India’s military expenditures cost 2.5 % GDP annually. These military expenditures are effectively the safety needs of the country to protect the citizens from deaths and losses.If the climate changes are allowed by not reducing the Carbon emissions, the resulting climate change disasters would eventually lead to more deaths and homeless people. This is indeed a basic safety and physiological need for the country. The costs for mitigating this is spending on reduction of Carbon emission [ CR ] which is 2.3 % of GDP. Comparing the Annual 2.5 % GDP costs on military expenditures with 2.3 % GDP costs till 2030 for the safety needs of similar importance, the spending on Carbon emissions looks very meager. Again India need not bear all the costs [ 2.3% of GDP ] for reducing Carbon emissions alone. India can actually make a case for contributions from other developed nations. India has now started pressing the developed nations for contributing 0.5 % of GDP to fund its costs.
Based on the reasons presented in the article, I conclude that India should target for reducing Carbon emissions so as to pursue with its objectives of economic development and
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What Is Carbon Monoxide?
CO Carbon Monoxide is the leading cause of accidental poisoning deaths in America, according to the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Fifteen hundred people die annually due to accidental carbon monoxide exposure, and additional 10,000 seek medical attention. (Medical experts agree that it’s difficult to estimate the total number of carbon monoxide incidents because the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning resemble so many other common ailments.)
Carbon monoxide is a flammable, colorless, odorless, tasteless toxic gas produced during incomplete combustion of fuel.
During normal combustion, each atom of carbon in the burning fuel joins with two atoms of oxygen – forming a harmless gas called carbon dioxide. When there is a lack of oxygen to ensure complete combustion of the fuel, each atom of carbon links up with only one atom of oxygen – forming carbon monoxide gas.
What Is The Danger?
Carbon monoxide inhibits the blood’s capacity to carry oxygen. In our lungs, CO quickly passes into our bloodstream and attaches itself to hemoglobin (oxygen carrying pigment in red blood cells). Hemoglobin readily accepts carbon monoxide – even over the life giving oxygen atoms (as much as 200 times as readily as oxygen) forming a toxic compound known as carboxyhemoglobin (COHb).
By replacing oxygen with carbon monoxide in our blood, our bodies poison themselves by cutting off the needed oxygen to our organs and cells, causing various amounts of damage – depending on exposure.
Low levels of carbon monoxide poisoning (with COHb levels of 10%) result in symptoms commonly mistaken for common flu and cold symptoms – shortness of breath on mild exertion, mild headaches, nausea.
With higher levels of poisoning (COHb levels of 30%) the symptoms become more severe – dizziness, mental confusion, severe headaches, nausea, fainting on mild exertion.
At high levels (CHOb of 50% or more), there may be unconsciousness and death.
How Does CO Enter The Home?
Carbon monoxide can escape from any fuel-burning appliance, furnace, water heater, fireplace, woodstove, or space heater.
Any of these things can be very dangerous:
A faulty furnace, maybe from mechanical failure
A clogged fireplace from a bird’s nest resting on top
Water heaters, perhaps damaged in a flood
A gas stove in your kitchen
A faulty space heater
A gas dryer that’s not properly installed
A grill used inside a garage during winter
A car in the garage
Most newer homes are built very air-tight, thus cutting down on the supply of fresh air to your furnace – and creating an oxygen starved flame. Tight closing replacement windows and doors, as well as additional insulation can cause similar problems in older homes.
Carbon monoxide can spill from vent connections in poorly maintained or blocked chimneys. If the flue liner is cracked or deteriorated, CO can seep through the liner and into the house – slowly creeping up to dangerous levels. If a nest or other materials restrict or block the flue, CO will mostly spill back into the house.
Improperly sized flues connected to new high-efficiency furnaces and water heaters can also contribute to CO spillage. (Many new furnaces and water heaters are installed using the existing chimneys which may be the wrong size to allow the furnace to vent properly.)
Warming up vehicles in an attached garage, even with the garage door opened, can allow concentrated amounts of CO to enter your home through the car port door or near-by windows. Wind can also blow fumes back into the garage, and temperature differences between the indoors and outside can move CO back into your house or garage.
What To Do In A CO emergency
If you are suffering from chronic flu-like symptoms, see your doctor and ask her if it could be a low-level CO poisoning.
If you have a CO detector, and it alarms, open windows and ventilate your home with fresh air, have your heating system checked by a professional.
If your alarm sounds and you are feeling drowsy or dizzy, leave the house and call 911 from your neighbors’ home. You may need medical attention for CO poisoning.
Home inspection can help
Having your home inspected each year at the beginning of the heating season can help avoid deadly carbon monoxide gas from leaking into your home, according to Chairman Ann Brown of the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
CO poisoning from the use of fuel burning appliances kills at least 200 people each year and sends more than 5,000 to hospital emergency rooms for treatment. Consumers can avoid this by having their fuel-burning appliances inspected by a qualified technician each year, and by purchasing and installing CO detectors.
Modern heating equipment is sophisticated and requires special training and tools for proper maintenance; consumers should not service their own appliances, but instead have a qualified professional perform an inspection.
A yearly inspection of your home by a professional should include a careful look at the following sources of carbon monoxide:
Furnaces, hot water heaters and stoves. If they burn natural gas, heating oil, wood or other kinds of fuel, these appliances are potential sources of CO.
Chimneys, flues and vents. Have flues and chimneys inspected before each heating season for leakage and for blockage by creosote or debris. Creosote buildup or leakage could cause black stains on the outside of the chimney or flue. These stains can mean that pollutants are leaking into the house. Have all vents to furnaces, water heaters or boilers checked to make sure they are not loose or disconnected.
High Temperature Plastic Venting (HTPV) pipes, which are used in mid-efficiency appliances, may separate or crack. This could allow CO from the furnace to enter a home. Homeowners with a gas-fired mid-efficiency furnace or boiler installed between 1987 and 1993 should have them inspected for cracking or separating.
Improper ventilation. Make sure that your appliances have adequate ventilation. A supply of fresh air is important to help carry pollutants up the chimney, stovepipe or flue, and is necessary for the complete combustion of any fuel.
Finally, consumers should be aware that charcoal grills can also be a potential source of CO. Never use charcoal grills in enclosed spaces such as a home, garage, vehicle or tent, and never bring grills with live coals indoors after use. Never use charcoal grills as an indoor heat source.
Carbon monoxide is a deadly threat, but it can be avoided by having a yearly professional inspection of your home fuel burning appliances and by installing a CO detector that meets the most recent UL standards.
Carbon Monoxide Alarms
If you wish to purchase a Carbon Monoxide Alarm or Detector then visit http://www.co-awareness.com
Products include – Honeywell Carbon Monoxide Detectors and Aico Carbon Monoxide Alarms
Carbon credits are like certificates that represent a reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. They are fully fungible financial instruments, and are measured in tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tons CO2e). Carbon sequestration credits or offsets are calculated by the amount of carbon emissions that would have been emitted if a diesel or other traditional polluting electric generator was used to produce the same amount of electricity. Companies and electric utilities in countries can buy these emission reduction carbon credits to replace the emissions from their coal burning electric power plants to meet regulatory requirements. Purchasing carbon credits means making an investment in carbon reduction projects. So, how to buy carbon credits?
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The first step you have to do is to calculate your carbon footprint. This number determines how many carbon credits you need to buy to offset your carbon-producing activity. Then, check with your utility company to see if they have a carbon offsetting program. Think it over and make a decision as to what type of projects you want your carbon credit purchase to support. It could be a tree-planting project to recreate natural forests and to prevent deforestation, a renewable energy project, or an energy conservation project.
After deciding on a project, research on carbon credit providers. Then, purchase your carbon credits from your chosen provider. Usually, you can purchase a carbon credit for between five dollars and fifty dollars for every ton of carbon dioxide you emit into the air. The price varies with each carbon credit provider, and so researching on your provider carefully is a smart step to take.
The benefits of carbon credits are many. Carbon credits reduce poverty, provide off-grid electricity, provide employment for carbon sequestration, and boost economic development in rural communities. Remember, though, that they are not free tickets to pollute.
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